The current issue of The Harvard Business review includes the following 3 approaches to â€œThe New Landscape of Decision Makingâ€.
|Method||Description||Benefits||Cautionary Message||Analytics||Using data and quantitative analysis to support decision making||Decisions are more likely to be correct.|
The scientific method adds rigor
|Gathering enough data may be difficult and time-consuming|
Correct assumptions are crucial
|Automation||Using decision rules and algorithms to automate decision processes||Speed and accuracy|
Criteria for decisions are clear
|Difficult to develop|
Decision criteria may change
|Intuition||Relying on oneâ€™s gut and experience to make decisions||Easy and requires no data|
The subconscious can be effective at weighing options
|Typically the least accurate of decision approaches|
Decision makers are easily swayed by context
Which of these best describe the halachic decision making process now? Pre-now?
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While I found the series so far to be a bit to canned, the philosophical issues raised are of great interest (coincidence that my Shabbat chaburah was studying the Chazon Ishâ€™s (#69) responsum on deflecting an arrow to save 5 by killing 1 the week that the WS Journal printed a story on this series?) Iâ€™ve suggested to some â€œshiur channelsâ€ that they take this series and assemble halachic thought thereon. Weâ€™ll see if anyone takes on the challenge.
Requirement and meaning of bitachon. Parnassah related examples and that one should believe that one wonâ€™t be adversely affected by giving up certain profit related activity (e.g. not cheating in business). Itâ€™s a weltanschang which covers everything from choosing a profession (which isnâ€™t all consuming) to making â€œreasonableâ€ hishtadlut efforts (me – sounds like the Supreme Courtâ€™s definition of pornography?)
Question â€“ why wasnâ€™t the transition to paid rabbinical positions considered a lack of bitachon?
Not a lot of Qâ€™s for an hour:
1. teaching torah â€“ to non bnai brit, to women â€“ whatâ€™s relevant (long discussion)
2. YUâ€™s role in Israel. How, if at all, it should enter; a lot will depend on who would lead.
Râ€™YBS wasnâ€™t â€œinterestedâ€ in EY (IIUC as far as being involved in â€œlocalâ€ decisions?) â€“ Centrality of EY wasnâ€™t recognized.
Generally supportive of YU but some parts/people not consistent with what heâ€™d want and some internal fixing needed.
Some in OJ donâ€™t think integration/TUM/secular studies have any value, others think the price isnâ€™t worth the pain. Even some of those who see some value donâ€™t think should be under same roof (Râ€™Hutner â€“ let them study with me full time for 6 years, then study science [me â€“ very practical solution for the masses The proof would be in the pudding, but of course no one does any formal surveys. That being said, my anecdotal experience is that it is much harder to stay the course outside of YU than inside. Of course, it’s possible those who do are stronger for it and everyone makes their own decisions. For the group as a whole, I’d go with YU as having the better outcome.]).
3. No bechira chofshit other than for man (Breishit aside â€“ the trees making decisions is a mystical thing). How do we understand HKBâ€H â€œchanging his mindâ€? Better to have a good question than a bad answer. Râ€™AL opts towards HKBâ€H having flexibility for change.
A classic Râ€™HS shiur filled with lots of goodies like minimum shiur for bikkur cholim is 3.6 (halachic?) minutes.
Goal is to do the maximum you can to help the person get better â€“ so in addition to helping to the extent you can (including putting them in a good mood), you must pray for them. [me – Does this include mumbling [the gabbai (or you)] the personâ€™s name?] The Netziv in his commentary on the Shiltot says you can only offer a prayer in shmoneh esrai or tehillim (not a misheberach!) [me â€“ mpi hashmuah Râ€™YBS held this way; no wonder I resonate to his wavelength].
Most mitzvot between man and man are covered under Vahvta lreacha kamocha (love your neighbor as you love yourself) and thus subject to reciprocity [thus no coverage for non-bnaibrit. However there is a torah commandment of imitato dei which does cover our relationship with them!] [Hmmmm!]
Putting oneself into Safek (doubtful) danger to save one in definite danger â€“ Must, May or Canâ€™t? Râ€™Chaim says must.
Talmud Nedarim â€“ Tosfos there is weak!
Can you pray for someone to die? Yes, depending on the situation.
Bit of discussion of when prayer must be in Hebrew and what it means that angels donâ€™t understand Aramaic (donâ€™t ask me what it means).
Interesting history of nicht on shabbos geret.
When can or canâ€™t an individual refuse treatment? Extremes are obvious, tripwires not so clear.
Very detailed review (first in a series)of various types of physical areas for purposes of carrying (or not) and building eruvim.
Interesting (to an actuary) point that Râ€™Moshe ball parked an estimate of what % of people who live in an area would actually be on the street at any one time. Iâ€™d love to know what data was examined or experts consulted.
First in a series of a very detailed review of basic kashrut issues; Here includes bittul, rov, ein mvatlin issur lchatchila, davar sheyesh lo mattirin.
Of course, kdarko bkodesh, many opinions quoted.
Interesting discussion about safek drabbanan lâ€™kula and when to ignore (i.e. be strict anyway)
Psychological explanation of why the mitzvah is for men and why it needs to be a
Hostage issue. Halacha and Hashkafa â€“ itâ€™s not a simple question.
The usual suspects â€“ including davening mincha and maariv in the same halachic time period, are you really turning Friday afternoon into Shabbat or just accepting some restrictions earlier on Friday.
Mussar â€“ Be a mentch in the airport (and everywhere else).
Talmudic sources of different types of Onaat dvarim â€“ some specifics and exceptions (to be continued).
Sometimes beauty matters (see hilchot aveilut for women, â€œcompetencies” for Kohain Gadol [this bears further discussion]). Deal with possible issue of self wounding as long as â€œreasonableâ€ risk.
Beginning of a series on interpretation of Medrashim. Here Avraham/Lech Lcha and leaving an old life behind, asking questions and the burning/lit up house medrash.
Balancing professional confidence (HIPPAA?)/privileged information and when it can/must be broken from an halachic standpoint. What is the source (lo telech rachil?) and what is the counter (Hashavat Aveidah, Lo Taamod)? Shut Tzitz Eliezer on the general issue and child abuse in particular.
Râ€™YBS â€“ Hamakom is used (e.g. hamakom yinachem) when we feel distanced from HKBâ€H. Râ€™X adds it may refer to the bet hamikdash.
Why did Rashi move away from the standard medrash approach which preceded him to a more pshat basis? Perhaps due to the disputations with non-bnai brit in Europe. In sfard they were more scientific and thus more prone to a pshat approach. Rashbam was very critical of Rashi as pshat; but Rashi was an important transition.
Discussion of various opinions on what exactly is tfila btzibur and tfilat hatzibbur. Rambam as source of practices, opinions of Râ€™M Feinstein and Râ€™YBS. Some practical differences.
Answering the age old question â€“ who jumps off the ski lift (if anyone) if youâ€™re â€œstuckâ€ in a yichud situation. Is it a Torah or rabbinic prohibition? Is it Yehareg Vâ€™al Yaavor?
Beginning of series â€“ Here biography and major works; begin discussion of principles of faith (paging Dr. Shapiro!)
Beginning of a series of shâ€ut and the historic and geographic context. Here Râ€™Kook and his love of Eretz Yisrael.
A question to the meil tzedakah â€“ can you pray for someone to repent; is this a prayer to remove free will? Various Talmudic stories brought as proofs. Bottom line yes but better not (my general question â€“ what does it mean that HKBâ€H prefers but doesnâ€™t demand?). Râ€™Klapper sees this as an example of letting halacha operate within his philosophical context (donâ€™t really want to take away free will).