Frozen Challa for Lechem Mishneh

by R. Daniel Mann Question: May we use a frozen challa for lechem mishneh on Shabbat? Answer: We will start by removing the main suspense: the one-word answer is clearly, “Yes.” After seeing why, we will see why some prefer avoiding the situation and weigh certain factors and distinctions. The gemara (Berachot 39b) says that on Shabbat, one needs to ...

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Definition of Davar Gush

by R. Daniel Mann Question: l have learned that a hot solid piece of food, such as a chunk of meat or a potato, has special halachot because it holds in the heat. How do we consider something like vegetable soup, which has both significant broth and solid pieces of vegetables? Answer: The concept that you to refer, known as ...

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Difficulty in Returning Stolen Funds

by R. Daniel Mann Question: Years ago, when I was working for a consulting firm, my bosses had me inflate hours we charged clients. (I received a set monthly salary). I now feel bad that I stole from my clients. I would want to return that money, but it is too hard to track down the clients and know how ...

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Using Tzedaka Funds for Grandchildren’s Education

by R. Daniel Mann Question: Can one use ma’aser money to pay for their grandchildren’s education? Is there a distinction between grandsons and granddaughters or Judaic studies and general studies? If it is permitted, may I putting money in a 529 fund (which earmarks savings for education, primarily post-secondary in return for tax breaks for the donor in the US)? ...

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Where Should the Tzitzit Be Connected to the Tallit?

by R. Daniel Mann Question: I have learned that the tzitzit should be laying on the outside of the tallit, but I do not see that people are careful about it. How important is it for it to be done properly? Answer: The gemara (Menachot 42a) cites Rav Giddel who learns from the pasuk’s words of “on the corners of ...

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A Late Tachanun

by R. Daniel Mann Question: The chazan skipped Tachanun, and everyone assumed there was a chatan or a brit. After davening, the chazan said he just forgot Tachanun. People disagreed about whether we could/should say Tachanun at that point. What is the halacha? Answer: The Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chayim 131:1) says that one must not speak between Shemoneh Esrei and ...

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Kedushat Beit Knesset of a Rented Building

by R. Daniel Mann Question: Clients of mine want to rent out a building that has served for a family business to a religious group, who will use part of it as a shul. They are concerned that if things do not work out, they will get back control of the building with some of it having the restrictions of ...

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Chanuka Candles Inside and Outside?

by R. Daniel Mann Question: I grew up lighting Chanuka candles inside the house. In my community, the uniform practice is to do so outside. I think that is great, but I miss seeing them inside my house. Is it permitted to light a second chanukia indoors (could it be bal tosif)? If permitted, what is the best way to ...

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Heating Pad on Shabbat

by R. Daniel Mann Question: I have muscle pain in my back, which sometimes becomes severe. Going to bed with a heating pad has made a big difference sometimes. May I use it on Shabbat, or is it a problem of muktzeh? Answer: There are a few issues of muktzeh involved here. One is whether to consider a heating pad ...

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Partial Participation in a Wedding

by R. Daniel Mann Question: If one does not have enough time to take part in a whole wedding, is it better to come for the chupa or for the meal? Answer: Although they are sometimes discussed interchangeably, there are two distinct, albeit closely related, mitzvot in which non-principals at a wedding should try to take part. The gemara (Ketubot ...

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