Audio Roundup Special: Two TIM Series

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by Joel Rich

Two Torah-In-Motion Series

Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Brody-Civilian Casualties in Halakha: Jewish Perspectives on Military Ethics 

Rabbi Aviad Tabory-From Judicial reform to War in Azza – Religious and Halachic Challenges in the State of Israel

 

1) Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Brody-Civilian Casualties in Halakha: Jewish Perspectives on Military Ethics 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/civilian-casualties-in-halakha-jewish-perspectives-on-military-ethics-part-1

Civilian Casualties in Halakha: Jewish Perspectives on Military Ethics (Part 1)

In the 1930s-40s there was a debate in Israel concerning reprisal attacks on non-combatants. There were rabbinic positions supporting both sides. It comes down to prioritizing multiple Jewish values (and is it effective?)

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/civilian-casualties-in-halakha-jewish-perspectives-on-military-ethics-part-2

Civilian Casualties in Halakha: Jewish Perspectives on Military Ethics (Part 2)

How do we ethically view reprisal attacks? The way of the world, do what’s needed, or extended dina dmalchuta? Do they work?

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/civilian-casualties-in-halakha-jewish-perspectives-on-military-ethics-part-3

Civilian Casualties in Halakha: Jewish Perspectives on Military Ethics (Part 3)

Does halacha require a Jewish army to leave a fourth side open in a siege? This was debated during the first (Beirut) and second (Tripoli) Lebanon wars. There are halachic precedents – were they based on mesora, military strategy or ethics? Are we talking about legal requirements or Jewish values?

 

 

2) Rabbi Aviad Tabory-From Judicial reform to War in Azza – Religious and Halachic Challenges in the State of Israel

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/from-judicial-reform-to-war-in-azza-religious-and-halachic-challenges-in-the-state-of

Courts, Law and Democracy in the Eyes of Jewish law

Does the torah have a preferred form of government? It depends who you ask but there are sources for democratic approaches to demonstrate that government is an earthly vehicle for HKBH’s kingship.

Current Israeli law system is not what we halachically aspire to.

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/from-judicial-reform-to-war-in-azza-religious-and-halachic-challenges-in-the-state-of-0

Restoration of the Sanhedrin – Case study from 1538

Can halacha accept alternative legal systems (eg current State of Israel)? Philosophically it’s pretty unlikely but practically many seem to accept it. Is minui dayanim a mitzvah or a hechsher mitzva? Perhaps it differs (as does the role of batei dinim) based on whether there are smuchin or not and whether we are discussing aretz or chul. The restarting of Sanhedrin debate may turn on whether one sees the need for a human role in the geula process.

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/from-judicial-reform-to-war-in-azza-religious-and-halachic-challenges-in-the-state-of-1

Freeing Captives during War

The usual sources on pidyon shvuyim. Given that these sources were not dealing with wartime situations, maybe we should look to Tanach for paradigms for the current situation.

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/tabory-from-judicial-reform-to-war-in-azza-religious-and-halachic-challenges-in-the-state

Getting Married during War

Is marriage of soldiers appropriate during wartime? One might look to the torah’s exemption for newlyweds, the debate over pre-war prophylactic gittin, and the ban on sexual relations during a famine as sources. However, maybe such marriages show our strength of belief. It’s probably best left as an individual decision.

 

https://torahinmotion.org/tim-torah/from-judicial-reform-to-war-in-azza-religious-and-halachic-challenges-in-the-state-of-2

Boosting Morale as Halachic factor during War

May one travel on shabbat for wartime R &R? R Goren posits a more general ptur (than pikuach nefesh) based on the allowance to fight on Shabbat. Given changing times it seems this strong concern for morale approach with is more accepted. 

About Joel Rich

Joel Rich is a frequent wannabee cyberspace lecturer on various Torah topics. A Yerushalmi formerly temporarily living in West Orange, NJ, his former employer and the Social Security administration support his Torah listening habits. He is a recovering consulting actuary.

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