Audio Roundup 2023:16

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by Joel Rich

Listening to a shiur in the shower – recommended, permitted or forbidden?

From a friend:
One of the issues that has bothered me is the question of what nusach is used for reciting kaddish. For instance, does one who davens Ashkenazic but is davening in a Sephardic minyan recite kaddish in a Sephardic nusach? My understanding has always been that when reciting parts of the davening for which a minyan is required (kaddish, kedusha, leining) should be in the nusach of the minyan. Whenever I have recited kaddish in a Sephardic minyan, I have always recited kaddish with Sephardic nusach.

However, I understand that Rav Ovadia Yosef held that someone who is Sephardic should recite a Sephardic kaddish even when davening in an Ashkenazic minyan. I don’t understand how a Sephardic rabbi paskens for an Ashkenazi shul but who am I to question Rav Ovadia? When I talked to Rabbi about it, he felt that a Sephard should recite the four words at the beginning (yatzmach purkunei …) but not the longer insertions at the end, since the length of such insertions would be more disruptive. I don’t really understand these approaches.
Do you have any thoughts on this issue? Worthy of its own shiur?

Me-Actually, these are questions I give it a lot of thought to over the years, but what I believe should happen,rarely if ever does( that’s the way it always seems to be.)
Certainly in an Ashkenazi shul I would think we would generally follow r moshe who basically says what you said about things that are done in a public manner and therefore everybody should follow the Ashkenazi nusach.(and vice versa in a Sephardi) I have the same understanding of. R’ Oy but it would be worth it to check with Rabbi S about what he says in the opposite case went an Ashkenazi is at a sfardi minyan.
It does seem that here in Israel many places just do whatever the prayer leader does, he does whatever he feels like doing, and then the people saying Kaddish or kedusha just do whatever they feel like. Some people like it and say it’s wonderful to have such a many colored tapestry. I would actually go one step further here and say we should just have one nusach and many people agree with me, except that they all wanted it to be their own nusach!



  • Rabbi Yoni Levin-Gluten-free Matzoh: The Unbreakable Chain of Mesorah

    What is the preferred grain for matza? We don’t have a mesora for how long it takes other grains to become chametz. Even if there’s some question as to if shibolet shual is really oats, that’s our mesora and we’re sticking to it (pun intended).

  • Rabbi Steven Pruzansky-Great Jewish Challenges, Part 5: Biblical Criticism

    Biblical criticism (even MO) is apikorsut (except when done by chachmei hamesora).

  • Rabbi Jeremy Wieder-Sichah – The Repetition of the Melekhet haMishkan
    Why does there seem to be repetition in truma/tzaveh and vayakhel/pikudei? We can draw lessons including: the importance of chazara, paying attention to small changes in detail, and stepping back and summarizing (in both tora learning and life).
  • Rabbi Moshe Sokoloff-Do Cough Medicines Need To Be Kosher- Part 2

    Is cough medicine considered a food? What about vitamins? How do achshivei, bitul and maachil byadaim (for children)fit into the pictures? Introduction to hefsek in handwashing/bracha/eating.

  • Rabbi Michael Taubes-Categorizing Mental Disabilities in Halachah

    How do we define peti, cheresh and shoteh? What level of daat is required for various applications (eg eidut)? Every case must be evaluated on its own.

  • Rabbi Ari Kahn-Reverberations of a Cloud

    There’s a message of intimacy in the relationship of mishkan, sukkah and the other holidays.

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-Ten Minute Halacha – TikTok in the Yichud Room?!?!

    Does video surveillance (real time? recorded? area coverage? …) result in no yichud? No yichud raui lbiah? General hashkafic question – are you living a life of tzniut?

  • Rabbi Shay Schachter-Hilchos Bishul B’Shabbos – Part 1

    Defining halachic bishul bshabbat including: maachal ben drosai, toldot or, yad soledet bo, bishul achar bishul and davar lach/yaveish. Specific applications include dud shemesh, ladles, coffee cups and urn indicators.

  • Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky-Bracha On Bedikas Chametz before the 14th of Nissan

    Normally we wouldn’t make a bracha on preventing an issur but chazal can make such an act of prevention into a positive act requiring a bracha (other example – eruv). Why might there be a time limit on such a bracha? (eg 30 days or only the night before).

  • Rabbi Osher Weiss-ברכת האילנות בחודש ניסן

    Birchat ilanot is on the renewal of creation (chidush habria); this has implication for when to say it. Also discussed, proper text and related brachot (eg levana, seeing a friend).

  • Rabbi Jonathan Ziring-Soft Matzah: History and Minhag

    Were matzot historically hard or soft and why might this have changed? Does hard matza have the status of minhag for ashkenazim? Can ashkenazim use soft matzot today?

  • Rabbi Shay Schachter-Hilchos Bishul B’Shabbos – Part 2

    Bishul issues including: kli rishon, kli shlishi, kli sheini, davar gush and kalei bishul). Practical applications include coffees and teas (instant, via and fresh).

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-From The Rabbi’s Desk – People Counters

    Is the prohibition of counting people one that is process or result based? Maybe there are two separate concerns? Is the shabbat prohibition of measuring suspended in the case of all mitzvot?

  • Rabbi Zev Smith-Bowing During Davening

    When, where and how to bow in tfila. If it’s not required to bow don’t (because non¬-Jews do it, even though we did before!) Modim is extremely important! There’s a debate on whether to bow in barchu and kaddish. How about hagba?

  • Rabbi Netanel Wiederblank-When Were the Details of Mitzvos Given

    Introduction to the Rambam on the five levels on the oral law and the source of machloket in the gemara.

  • Ari Wasserman, Rabbi Dr. Yitzchak,Rabbi Moshe Hauer,Mrs. Chani Juravel, Dr. Avi Muschel,Micah Friedland-3/18/23 – Shiur 412 – What makes for Effective Dating?

    What are the current dating practices (including multiple coincidental dating patterns, pictures, coaches and parents’ involvement….) Key is to know yourself, what you are looking for and find connections.

  • Rabbi Yitzchak Breitowitz-Kashrut Series #2: Meat & Milk (Part 1)

    Kashrut basics of basar vchalav including: prohibition levels (duraita v drabanan), waiting between meat and milk, taam kikar, heat transference, ben yomo, not bar not and sakana rules (eg fish and meat).

  • Rabbi Daniel Fridman-Between Ownership and Possession: The Nature of Bal Yiraeh and Bal Yimatze
    Understanding the Rambam and the relationship between bal yereah, bal ymatzei, baalut (ownership) and rshut (influence).
  • Rabbi Evan Hoffman-Mount Herzl

    History of Har Herzl including how and why it was selected and what it was/is used for (dignitary cemetery, military cemetery). It is a secular holy place and aligns with the kotel, knesset and yad vashem.

  • <a href=” Rabbi Reuven Brand-Rav Yitzchak HaLevi Herzog: Activism as a Spiritual Path

    “Kol hatora inyan echad” – the life and times of R YA Herzog blazing new trails in halacha and hashkafa from the run up to the shoa through the founding of the modern Jewish state.

  • Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik-Hesped for R’ Moish Twersky

    Discussion of the chiyuv for a hesped for a talmid muvhak and description of such a talmid.

  • Rabbi Michael Taubes-Why Do Bad Things Happen to Good People?

    All the usual suspects as to why bad things happen to good people. My take – whatever gets you through the night.

  • Rabbi Doniel Osher Kleinman-Parshas Vayakhel- Pekudei: Is It Ok To Daven Maariv At a Chasuna?

    One doesn’t daven in a high place due to gaava and/or fear of falling. Open places may also be an issue of gaava (eg look at me, I can concentrate anyway) or of distraction. Workarounds and exceptions discussed.13

  • Rabbi Jonathan Ziring-Gevinat Akum

    Are cheese restrictions (kashrut/akum) based on concerns (eg pig’s milk) that could be addressed or is it a gzeira (normative law)?

    Applications discussed including: RYBS and kraft cheese, cottage cheese and gvina lvana.

  • Rabbi Chaim Yagoda-Halacha Review: Seder Night

    Seder issues including: kavana for mitzvot halaila, start and stop time (4 cups, matza, hallel), heseiba (leaning) and amounts (matza, yayin).

  • Rabbi Shalom Rosner-Pesach Haggadah annual shiur 5783

    Short hagada thoughts including but not limited to: broken matza/self-improvement, hacha hashta for all klal yisrael, avadim hayinu/ask what not why, sippur v zchira, jewish connection to HKBH (hamakom), and land, vayareu/dehumanization, and 4 sons/doing for others.

  • Rabbi Jonathan Kaplan-The Burning Bush: Hashem’s answer to Moshe’s question

    The answer to Moshe’s question was to keep growing constantly.

  • Rabbi Michael Rosensweig-Hashkafa Shiur – Avos Perek Beis: Talmud Torah and Derech Eretz 5

    R SR Hirsch on torah im derech eretz – there’s still only one truth, and that’s the torah’s truth.

  • Rabbi Zev Smith-Summer Hilchos Tefillah Questions

    Adding morid hageshem or vten matar in shmoneh esrai during the summer is especially problematic because rain in the summer is a curse. Various permutations of mistakes and fixes discussed. The thirty day presumption of saying the correct formula also discussed (me-is this subject to empirical testing?)

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-Ten Minute Halacha – Attending Continuing Education Conferences on Shabbos

    Attending conferences on shabbat without doing mlacha doesn’t make technical maarit ayin but could involve other issues including benefitting from maaseh shabbat. Real issue AIUI is it’s not shabbosdik.

  • Please direct any informal comments to [email protected].

    About Joel Rich

    Joel Rich is a frequent wannabee cyberspace lecturer on various Torah topics. A Yerushalmi formerly temporarily living in West Orange, NJ, his former employer and the Social Security administration support his Torah listening habits. He is a recovering consulting actuary.

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