by Joel Rich
The Mishna (Shabbat 22:1) says חָבִית שֶׁנִּשְׁבְּרָה, מַצִּילִין הֵימֶנָּה מְזוֹן שָׁלֹשׁ סְעֻדּוֹת, וְאוֹמֵר לַאֲחֵרִים, בֹּאוּ וְהַצִּילוּ לָכֶם, וּבִלְבַד שֶׁלֹּא יִסְפֹּג. אֵין סוֹחֲטִין אֶת הַפֵּרוֹת לְהוֹצִיא מֵהֶן מַשְׁקִין, וְאִם יָצְאוּ מֵעַצְמָן, אֲסוּרִין. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם לְאֳכָלִין, הַיּוֹצֵא מֵהֶן מֻתָּר, וְאִם לְמַשְׁקִין, הַיּוֹצֵא מֵהֶן אָסוּר. חַלּוֹת דְּבַשׁ שֶׁרִסְּקָן מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת וְיָצְאוּ מֵעַצְמָן, אֲסוּרִין. וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מַתִּיר:
From a barrel of wine or oil that broke on Shabbat, one may rescue from it food sufficient for three meals, and one may also say to others: Come and rescue food for yourselves. This applies provided that one does not soak up the wine or oil with a sponge or rag, due to the prohibition of squeezing. One may not squeeze fruits on Shabbat in order to extract liquids from them. And if liquids seeped out on their own, it is prohibited to use them on Shabbat. Rabbi Yehuda says: If the fruits were designated for eating, the liquid that seeps from them on Shabbat is permitted. There is no concern lest one purposely squeeze liquids from fruit that is designated for eating. And if the fruits were originally designated for liquids, the liquids that seep from them on Shabbat are prohibited. In the case of honeycombs that one crushed on Shabbat eve, and honey and wax seeped from them on their own on Shabbat, they are prohibited, and Rabbi Eliezer permits using them.. The commentators all limit even others to three meals worth. The reason generally given for the limit is “adam bahul al mamono” and thus the owner might violate Shabbat to save more/all of the barrel. This limit is extended to the others as well. Given the endowment effect (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endowment_effect) how would you explain not distinguishing between the owner and others?
The Rambam in Hilchot Tshuva describes tshuva gmura as being in the exact same circumstances and committing the same sin. Should one put oneself in this position to accomplish tshuva gemura
- Rav Asher Weiss-וה
Imitato dei is both in deot (personal characteristics) and actions.
- Rabbi Hershel Schachter-Bava Basra Shiur #1- Superstition, Minhagim, Hezek Re’iyah, Monetary Systems, Chazakah
Topics include: Superstition; (bad) Partnerships (different types); Reinvestigating minhagim (when don’t make sense); First Mishna in Bara Batra (mechitza or splitting); Different types of chazaka; Monetary systems (good); and Psak like lishna kama.
- Rabbi Jonathan Ziring-Psak and Policy: Playing Ball and Exercise on Shabbat
Ball playing or exercise on Shabbat may involve technical and meta-halachic issues. Perhaps the most important question is what would (you, the community?) be doing with that time otherwise?
- Rabbi Assaf Bednarsh-Bava Batra shiur 3 (דעת בעלים בכלאי הכרם)
A deep dive into the nature of klayim. Includes analysis of bitul, kama kama, garmi, hezek nikar and neesar sheino shelo.
- Rabbi Jonathan Ziring-Is Teshuva about Fixing the Act or the Person? (1)
Is tshuva about changing yourself or perfecting the upper worlds (or both)?
- Rabbi Dr. Gil Perl-Art, Ethics, & Incantations_ New Perspectives on the Yamim Noraim (Part 1)
Saying the 13 midot isn’t about incantation but is based on Imitato Dei—if we model HKBH’s behavior (in action [me – and in deot]) he will treat us that way.
- Rabbi Dr. Gil Perl-Art, Ethics, & Incantations_ New Perspectives on the Yamim Noraim (Part 2)
Various artistic interpretations of the akeidah show the artist’s take on some basic philosophical issues.
- Dr. Daniel Rynhold-Repentance in Modern Jewish Thought (Part 2)
R’Kook and RYBS had a more positive view of tshuva as tahara. Sin can be used as a positive psychological springboard for the future.
- Rabbi Michael Rosensweig-Bava Basra Shiur – Hakdama to Bava Basra 1
Introduction to Bava Batra-philosophy and first mishna.
- Rabbi Zecharia Wallerstein,, Rabbi Shlomo Farhi,Rabbi Rabbi Efrem Goldberg,,Rabbi Daniel Glatstein-8/21/21 – Shiur 335 – ELUL – What is the message?
It’s all about our relationship with HKB”H and finding our mission. We need to: Appreciate the power of chiddush/renewal; Set achievable goals; Not get stuck in the past; and Focus on tfila (chazarat hashatz) and learning (in discrete time blocks).
- Rabbi Michael Taubes-Answering “Amen” and The Special Obligation During Mussaf on Rosh HaShanah
Being yotzeih with someone else’s bracha—Is it about listening intently and/or answering amen? Maybe there’s a difference between the individual and the tzibbur. It may be especially important in the interplay between the brachot and shofar blowing.
- Ari Wasserman, Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Lowy,Rabbi Dovid Kaplan,Rabbi Efrem Goldberg,Mrs. Lisa Twerski-8/28/21 – Shiur 336 – Shidduch research – how much should be researched before agreeing to a shidduch?
What’s researched in advance by the parents, and what’s left for the boy and girl to figure out? What specific questions should be asked? What can’t be asked? What must be asked? Who should – and should not – be asked?
What, how and whom to ask about a potential shidduch—from sociological and halachic viewpoints.
- Rabbi Dr. Aaron Rakeffet-Rothkoff-Klausenberger Rebbi. Maharam Schick on Using Non-Jewish Names. Jewish Clothing. Brit Milah. Writing Names Accurately in a Gett. Maharshdam’s View on Non-Jewish Names. Discovering Previously Unknown Rabbinic Texts. Halachah Kebatra’i
How does halacha view secular names? (OK). How do we view newly discovered texts? (Use with caution). How do we view the outside world (TUM). There are appropriate ways to shorten davening!
- Rabbi Daniel Z. Feldman-Is Rosh Hashana a Happy Day?
There are seemingly inconsistent halachic signals concerning simcha on Rosh Hashana: Perhaps they can be explained based on the Gra’s sasson (immediate)/simcha (longer term) and R’YBS’s kiyum/maaseh distinctions.
- Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-Lessons From The Asarah Harugei Malchus
The slicha (vs tisha bav kina) of asara harugei malchut is based on the death of tsaddikim being a kapara. The focus on shoes is about mastering gaavah. We can learn from each of the harugim.
Important advice—shatz should look at the people he’s representing before beginning.
- Rabbi Yosef Blau-The Nature of Selichos
The selichot of this time of year are an extra tfila. The 13 midot are to be imitated, rachamim is primary and chesed always precedes emet.
- Rabbi Hyim Shafner-A Window on Old Washington: Rabbi Silverstone’s High Holidays
Washington was a different place 100 years ago and so were its Rabbi, parishioners and drashot.
- Rabbi Baruch Simon-Rosh Hashana – Can One Get Paid to Blow Shofar
First in a series or getting paid for “working” on Shabbat and/or Yom Tov. Does it make a difference if it’s a mitzvah? If you’re doing it “lshma”?
- Rabbi Assaf Bednarsh-Bava Batra shiur 4 (היזק ראיה)
Lots on is hezek reiah shmai hezek? Issues include chazaka and house vs. yard.
- Rabbi Eliav Silverman-The nature of Ayin Harah
Is it about physical damage by the eye or indirect damage by jealousy, etc.? Can you give yourself one?
- Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-Ten Minute Halacha – Shemitas Kesafim
Do the words mshameit ani constitute a statement of fact (the year did it) or an intent of yours (I release you)? Nafka minas discussed.
- Rabbi Michael Rosensweig-The Message of the Shofar
The shofar acts as both a maaseh and a kiyum. It should trigger a program of avodat hashem.
- Rabbi Daniel Z. Feldman-Introduction to Bava Basra 2: The Foundations of Halakhic Ethics
To define stealing, we first need to define property rights. Does Choshen Mishpat apply to all peoples? When we say follow the minhag, is it based on establishing agreements or communal policies?
- Rabbi Yehuda Turetsky-Rav Aharon Kotler on Teshuva: A Nuanced Approach to Getting Closer to Hashem
Tshuva through Talmud Torah is a worthwhile pursuit.
- Rabbi Moshe Sokoloff-How To Choose A Baal Tephillah For The Yomim Naroim
What are the requirements for a chazzan (and possibly bal tokea) for the Yamim Noraim (30, married, Shomer Torah umitzvot). What are the sources and what if you can’t have it all? Specific applications discussed.
- Rabbi Chayim Soloveichik-Shemittah in the Home
How are houseplants impacted by shmitta? What are the specifics of treating home foods with kedushat shviit? Bringing home flowers could be an issue.
- Rabbi Dovid Gottlieb-Rosh Hashana as “Yom HaDin”: Understnding Our Responsibilities
Three approaches to din v’cheshbon: 1.) You’ll learn all denim; then evaluate yourself against them 2.) Gra – Din = commission; cheshbon = omission 3.) Beit Haleivi – Din = impact on you; cheshbon = impact on others.
- Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-From The Rabbi’s Desk – Dealing With Hatred Toward Others
Everything that happens to you is supposed to happen. Don’t hate the person who offended you but try to confront the issues in a positive manner.
- Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner-The Birthday of Adam or the Birthday of Eve?
Adam had a direct relationship with HKB”H, Eve’s was through Adam. We need to make room for both.
- Rabbi Dovid Miller-Selichot and Rosh Hashana-halachot and minhagim
Topics include: Slichot (as tfila and proper time); Ikar and tafel in slichot; Hatarat Nedarim; and pre- Yom Kippur practices. Balancing the concepts of din and coronation is key.
Please direct any informal comments to [email protected].