Audio Roundup 2021:23

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by Joel Rich

Just finished R’Dr. C. Soloveitchik’s collected essays III concerning chasidei ashkenaz and the raavad. The sociology of the chasidei ashkenaz, their host communities (both Jewish and not) and the interaction with French baalei tosfot is fascinating. The creativity/originality/personality/boldness… of the raavad (and rabbeinu tam) is noteworthy (enough said) I guess a true Brisker would say it only matters how the chochmei hamesora understood these issues, but it does make me think!

In their words –“Captain Renault: What in heaven’s name brought you to Casablanca?
Rick: My health. I came to Casablanca for the waters.
Captain Renault: The waters? What waters? We’re in the desert.
Rick: I was misinformed.”

For those of us who were told that the reason for mziga (watering down the wine) was due to them fermenting it to a higher alcohol content:

Encyclopedia of Jewish Food Gil Marks (HT Shuli Mishkin)

After the biblical period, the character of Israeli wine changed with the widespread adoption of the Greek style of winemaking, which produced wines that were so concentrated that they needed to be diluted with water in order to be palatable.  In the Greek method, fully ripe grapes were spread out on straw mats in the vineyard to dry in the sun for about a week, concentrating the sugar.  Evaporation during storage in earthenware amphorae resulted in a thick, sweet, concentrated wine.  The Greek style, which was already common in Greece by the time of Homer (c. eighth century BCE), probably developed because high-alcohol, high-sugar wines last much longer than low-alcohol ones, and are also much easier to transport.  Before the Greek period, watered-down wine was considered by Jews to be corrupted, but by the time of the Talmud, wine that did not require three parts of water to dilute it was “not considered wine” and was deemed unfit for consumption.<hr style="border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: black; border-top-style: solid;" /><ul><li><a href="">Ari Wasserman,Rabbi Yitzchok Berkowitz, Rabbi Yosef Greenwald, Naftoli Horowitz,Shmuli Margulies,Rabbi Berel Wein-5/8/21 – Show 321 – Are there Halachic ways to eliminate debt?</a>

Avoid bad debt! Have bitachon but do your hishtadlut (there’s help available). Listen for the living within your means segment including the inability to “buy” a good chatan!!

  • Dr. David Pelcovitz,Dr. Rona Novick,Rabbi Yaakov Glasser-Divrei Chizuk for the Meron Tragedy

    All your (students) reactions to tragedy are normal as we’ve all experienced the trauma of Meron. The key is connection and reaching out.

  • Rabbi Shay Schachter-Meiron Tragedy: Humbly Accepting the Judgement of Hakadosh Baruch Hu

    Meron was HKBH’s gzeirah on all of us – Remember life is short so take advantage of every moment, appreciate the importance of family and engage with HKB”H.

  • Rabbi Zev Smith-Visiting a Bais Hachaim-Halachos and Minhagim

    Do we view cemeteries as a makom tumah or kedusha? Prayer at a cemetery seems problematic but there are sources for it. Specific times to visit graves as well as some restrictions are discussed.

  • Rabbi Zev Smith-Foods That Might Be Dangerous

    Specific applications of vnishmartem including: Fish/meat; Fish/milk; obesity; olives and other possibly dangerous food./li>

  • Rabbi Assaf Bednarsh-Pesachim perek 1 shiur 57 (משמרת תרומותי, ערב פסח שחל להיות בשבת)

    (1) Guarding trumah, is it in order to eat it or to keep it from chillul? (2) Shalosh seudot erev Pesach shechal bshabbat – is this gemara the source for requiring the third meal after mincha (or is that just sevara)? Discussion of practical psak in this situation.

  • Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner-Business Ethics: Robo-Advising

    Robo-financial advisor (AI) – who bears responsibility for mishaps. Is it an extension of the owner? grama? property damages? (me – halacha will evolve based on posek’s gut intuition).

  • Rabbi Jonathan Muskat-Common Bein Adam L’Chaveiro Ethical Dilemmas

    Questions submitted concerning random ethical topics including: Hochacha; Mshaneh mpnei hashalom; Ignoring bad behavior; Bal tomar; Lashon hara; Employment issues and other ethical situations.

  • Rav Asher Weiss-בדיני אונאה

    Is any onaah assur but only some repayable? In general, when is there a chiyuv to return “ill gotten” gains?

  • Rabbi Philip Moskowitz-The Evolution of Saying a Mi Shebeirach in Shul

    If you’re going to do a misheberach, make sure to give tzedaka. Else the whole thing is really questionable (but it’s a great fundraiser so it continues).

  • Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner-Done Having Children? Family Planning After 35

    Family planning – what factors can/should be taken into account in determining when can/should one stop having children? What methods can be adopted? (order of priority)

  • Rabbi Yona Reiss-Get Issues #1 – the Timing of the Get

    We want to encourage shalom bayit but, if not, move on to get (issue=what if one party doesn’t want the divorce?) Should the get be given as soon as it’s clear that the divorce will take place or when all issues are settled? There are reasons for each approach.

  • Rabbi Michael Taubes-Parshas Behar-Bechukosai The Tzedakah Collector Certificate – Is it Necessary?

    Tzedaka includes some positive and negative commandments. When there’s a case of doubt (e.g. you’re not sure if the person really is deserving), what do you do? It certainly is better if there’s some kind of verifications system, but it’s still best to give something (or help them get a job!)

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-Ten Minute Halacha – Buying Things for the Baby Before Birth

    Buying stuff before the baby comes – it’s a question of how seriously you take ayin hara (vs. the extra pressure of not having anything ready!)
    Some understand ayin hara as a real physical force, others as jealousy. R’YBS said it’s when you define yourself by how others think of you!

  • Rabbi Menachem Brick-Reciting kaddish for a non Jew.

    General history of kaddish. Prayer is always good for deserving individuals.

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz-From The Rabbi’s Desk – Sorting Out a Complicated Legacy

    A dead relative was a known thief who left porno among his “yerusha”. The inheritors can use the rest of his yerusha but don’t have to sell the porno [me – at the cost of his debtors – is this rshut or required?] to settle his debts (they should trash it).

  • Rabbi Netanel Wiederblank-The Role of Sevara and Darchei No’am

    How do we differentiate between permitted sevara using kavanat hamitzvot (e.g. tzaar baalei chaim) and prohibited use of darshinin taama dkra? The former is internal to the mitzvah, the latter external. Sometimes you need to submit rather than reinterpret (me – who has the franchise?)

  • Rabbi Dr. Aaron Rakeffet-Rothkoff-Rav Ovadia Yosef—A Fake Pidyon Haben Because the Wife Did not Tell Her Husband of her Abortion Before Marriage. Chatam Sofer—Man Who Had Great Need to Shave During His Sheloshim. R. Moshe Feinstein on Wearing What Might be Viewed as Gentile Clothing

    Topics include: Meron (fix); Woman Rabbis (bad); Israeli politics (bad); shaving (good); R’Moshe on chukat haakum; and R’OY on shalom bayit vs bracha lvatala.

  • Rabbi Moshe Walter-The Difference Between Familial And Communal Minhagim: The Minhag of Eating Milchigs on Shavous Versus The Minhag of Adoring A Home With Shrubbery On Shavous

    Bnai bayshan vs mar ukva – when can you change minhagim? Family minhagim are of less concern than community ones. Greenery (community) vs eating dairy (family) on Shavuot as examples.

  • Rabbi Assaf Bednarsh-Pesachim perek 1 shiur 58 (מצה בערב פסח)

    Continued discussion of shabbat/erev pesach saving two meals gemara. When does the issur of eating matzah on erev pesach start and which types of matza are included?
    Fun fact – before indoor plumbing, getting rid of chametz on shabbat wasn’t so easy.

  • Rabbi Michoel Zylberman-From the Beth Din Files 10: Inviting Conversion Candidates for Yom Tov Meals

    Shema yirbeh issues – who, what and when?

  • Rabbi Yehoshua Grunstein-Speaking ENGLISH in Israel- Tolerable or Prefreable?

    While it’s a mitzvah to speak hebrew, R’Grunstein thinks speaking English in Israel is preferred because it’s hakarat hatov to prior generations, a celebration of diversity and brings in the best of other cultures. (I’m not sure all this is from speaking English or Anglo aliyah)

  • Rabbi Jeremy Wieder-KJ’s Dr. William Major Memorial Advanced Shiur in Talmud with Rabbi Dr. Jeremy Wieder

    Ongoing Talmud shiur. Topics covered include: Women’s roles; Chatan saying kriat shma; and Meito mutal lfanav.

  • Rabbi Baruch Simon-Inyanai Shavuos 5781: Making Early Shavuos

    Tmimot is only found by sfira. Does accepting yom tov early make it yom tov for kiddush purposes? TBC

  • Rabbi Mordechai I. Willig-Yom Yerushalayim in Halacha, Hashkafa, and from Personal Experience

    Hallel on Yom Yerushalayim – what are the halachic source to consider? (e.g. Purim, Chanukah). Hashkafically Yerushalayim represents both bein adam lamakom and l’chaveiro. R’Willig also presents his personal experience in Israel and Jerusalem in 1967.

  • Rabbi Shraga Kallus-The Warsaw Uprising In Halacha(Sefer Hamitzvos Series E7)

    Is one permitted to take one’s own life (or someone else’s) to avoid forced chillul hashem? It’s all about vhalachta bdrachav.

  • Rabbi Zev Smith-The Berachot on Tefillin

    When does a hesech hadaat take place requiring a new bracha on tfillin?

  • Parashat Behar-Bechukotai with Rav Dovid Gottlieb

    Parsha insights including: Redeeming residential vs. commercial real estate; Recognizing that anywhere outside of aretz is a temporary residence; Developing a torah compass; and When to go to the doctor (or when to rely on HKB”H)

  • Rabbi Yehoshua Grunstein-Do I need to CANCEL a BBQ in EFRAT when Mortors are SHOT at Tel Aviv?

    Is the prohibition of marital relations in times of famine a paradigm for how we act when others are suffering or only specific to the famine case? Whatever the specific halacha, the hashkafa is clear!

  • Rabbi Daniel Hartstein-Business Ethics In Review: Common Questions And Pitfalls

    Summary of year-long chaburah on the specifics of choshen mishpat and our general interactions with the outside world.

  • Please direct any informal comments to [email protected].

    About Joel Rich

    Joel Rich is a frequent wannabee cyberspace lecturer on various Torah topics. A Yerushalmi formerly temporarily living in West Orange, NJ, his former employer and the Social Security administration support his Torah listening habits. He is a recovering consulting actuary.

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