by Joel Rich
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah1a_Does_Hashem_ care_about_the_details.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 1a – Does_Hashem_care_about_the_
HKB”H doesn’t “take revenge” against us when we sin, rather, our neshamot (souls) are intrinsically impacted by sins much the same way our bodies are impacted by good food or poison. The Torah is a reality and a complete, practical guide to life.
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah1b_What_Moshe_ received_at_Sinai.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 1b- What_Moshe_received_at_Sinai
Moshe got all the principles and details of Torah at Sinai, allowing reconstruction of prior halachot and new applications as well. Moshe had a special merit that he got to see all future drashot, etc., even if he didn’t understand them!
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah2_Is_there_one_ absolue_truth.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 2- Is_there_one_absolue_truth Our old favorite debate of concerning multiple truths (each finds his own) vs. there’s only one truth, nebech if you don’t find it!
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah3a_The_Nature_of_ the_Torah_ShBaalPeh.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 3a- The_Nature_of_the_Torah_
The purpose of Talmud Torah (torah shbeal peh) is to modify our attitudes, ideas and abstract concerns. Torah shbeal peh sensitizes us to life.
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah3b_Torah_ ShBaalPeh_is_to_develop_ attitude.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 3b- Torah_ShBaalPeh_is_to_develop_
Torah shb’al peh is not just a collection of information but a work which sensitizes us to principles and helps us develop proper attitudes and awareness.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 3c- The_origins_of_Machlokes
Unfortunately, this Shiur seems to cut off short of the end, but is the beginning of an explanation of machlokes—how different schools of thought developed.
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah4_The_difference_ between_Rishonim_and_Achron. mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 4- The_difference_between_
Rishonim were all about mesorah and a derech halimud, so the derecho halimud is really part of the mesorah and can be used to clarify the mesorah. (Me – sounded like a “clear mind” and applying principles of the mesorah trumps the factual mesorah.)
By the time of the S”A , the direct mesorah ended. The S”A decided to go by the majority of poskim, the Rama decided to go by the latest poskim and the Maharshal felt you still needed to go back to basics.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 5- Psak_Halacha
Why is psak binding? Is it kavod harav (respect for poseik), Shavei nafshei (you accept it), or a Torah rule that psak is binding? Bindingness applies in cases where a practical, specific question was asked.
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah6_How_to_decide_ between_conflicting_psakim.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 6- How_to_decide_between_
The role of a community poseik has changed over the years (do we really have them in the US? It’s more than just a synagogue Rabbi). The definition of a Gadol is one who has total clarity and true chochma (wisdom). There are different darchei limmud (approaches to learning). Is one ever wrong? This Shiur reviews some of the rules of psak (e.g., majority, your rav, Shach vs. Rama . . .) Also includes some interesting comments vs. tolerance in chinuch and community building.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 7 – Shaas_HaDchak_and_Chumra.
If psak is emes (truth), how can you rely on a minority opinion bshaat hadchak (in times of real need)? There’s’ a difference between a minority opinion and a singular opinion. (The latter is ignored for halachic purposes.) How far back can you go to find a usable minority opinion?
com/download/KlaleiHoraah/ KlaleiHoraah8_Chumras_Tannaim_ and_lo_sisgodedu.mp3
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 8- Chumras_Tannaim_and_lo_
One should follow the rules of psak, you’re a ksil (fool) if you’re always stringent due to indecision. Shiur also pro
vides introduction to the question of whether lo titgodidu applies to minhagim.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 9- Minhagim
The collective practice of the Jewish People compared to prophecy (i.e., it has halachic validity even if we don’t see the cognitive halachic process in play) Minhagim come in many shapes and sizes (community, family, individual in error). Depending on the category, they may or may not be reversible.
When they come into conflict with each other, the category is also important in determining which to follow. Abnormal situations do not qualify for minhagim.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 10 – _Review_pt_1
Review Shiur (seems to me there was some expansion of the original discussion)includes: What did Moshe Rabbeinu get at Sinai? History of the Mesorah through rishonim and psak methodologies of those who followed. Horaah (learning yourself or getting psak from someone who did) vs. Hachraah (you know there are different Shitot and you are picking one) and when an individual psak man changes psak process in general, and shaat hadchak situations.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 11- _Review_pt_2
Review Shiur #2 discusses Lo Titgodidu parameters in detail with a special focus on minhagim.
Rav Berkovits- K’lalei Hora’ah 12 – Answers_to_the_test.
Can you, as an individual, select someone from the past as your main halachic authority?