by R. Yitzchak Blau
Tension between the biblical account of creation and current scientific theories about the origin of the universe has generated a variety of religious responses. One such response, concordism, tries to show that the biblical account actually teaches the ideas of contemporary scientific theory. In this carefully argued article, Dr. David Shatz outlines two arguments for and four arguments against concordism. On the one hand, rishonim attempted the same with medieval theories so precedent exists. Moreover, we naturally assume that an omniscient God would relay to us correct information. On the other hand, scientific theories change over time so we might not want to identify the biblical account with a particular theory. Secondly, perhaps our generation is not privileged to receive the true interpretation of Bereishit when earlier generations did not have access to it. Furthermore, the Torah was never meant to be a science textbook. Finally, attempts to read contemporary ideas into the first chapters of Bereishit prove unconvincing.
For each argument, the author explores how the other side could respond: link (PDF)