Audio Roundup

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by Joel Rich

One of these things that makes me go hmmm! Sanhedrin 86a asks for the source of Rabbanan saying “goneiv bno” (one who kidnaps his own child) isn’t chayav. Abaye answers with the pasuk “ki yimatzeh” implies prat l’matzui(if/when found excludes already found) . Rav Pappa questions this with an implication from another “ki yimatzei” and Abaye (seemingly) backs off and says I learn it from vnimtzah.
Was Abaye recanting or had he just been imprecise in his language or is there another explanation? Why do you prefer one interpretation over the other?

Alan Richman in The Economist (me-form follows function?)
Long ago, not in cathedral years but in meager human ones, I stood in the supernal glow of Chartres and thought, It might not be so bad to be a Christian.
Such an infatuation might seem unremarkable except for this: I’m Jewish.
Every French cathedral is an accumulation of centuries of fidelity, a majestic warehouse of faith that rises as high as its roof. We Jews have nothing similar. We are not about omnipotence. We are about suffering and running from whichever oafish country wants us gone. We rarely build anything lasting because we’re rarely around long enough to get it off the ground. “No assembly required” should be our credo. The signature structure of my faith is the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, which is a fragment of a holy structure. It’s taller than the Jews who press prayer notes into its crevices, but not by much.

  • Rabbi Hershel Schachter=What We Can Learn From The Life of Rav Soloveitchik zt”l

    This was like a highlight reel of R’HS’s stories on The Rav. Starts out with my least favorite Chatam Sofer story (R’Nosson Adler had him leave father’s house due to his father reprimanding him for refuting his grandfather’s position). Chavrutah’s should be nasty to each other when learning – I still don’t buy it.
    Shinuy (change) is prohibited, chidush (novellae) is encouraged (me – but how does it know?). Have to know when Chazal use the same terms sometime they mean something different and sometimes different terms mean the same thing [me – just to aggravate me?] The Rav only focused on Gemara, Rashi, Tosfot and Rambam since they commented on all of Shas so one could get a holistic understanding of their approach. Simple pshat was main goal – so you would be kicking yourself for not seeing it in the first place. Spent time in public shiurim on aggadita so baalbatim wouldn’t reject them as fantasy.
    Maybe there’s Bavli on Karbanot and not Zraim because the idea of Karbanot was under attack at that time? Number of exampless of minhagim explanations (can’t be without basis in halacha). Would need a day to begin to properly explain who/what was “The Rav”.

  • Rabbi Aaron Soloveichik -Korach Hashkafa: Real Leadership

    R’Aron didn’t think Roosevelt did enough to save holocaust victims because U.S. Jews were too timid. Interesting discussion of fairness vs. just in a more narrow sense. Korach was a “success” because he projected a sense of idealism and spirituality.
    Tcheilet presents uncertainty, white is certainty.

  • Rabbi Aaron Soloveichik -Medical Malpractice

    Very fascinating shiur – apparently had already discussed active malpractice resulting in death, here active malpractice resulting in injury and passive malpractice. Of particular interest were discussion regarding:
    *injuries resulting from standard treatments
    *practicing brshut beit din (licensed?)
    *direct vs. indirect causation
    *earthly liability vs. heavenly liability
    *need to make amends (vs. just paying $)
    *what does tov brofim l’ghenom mean?

  • Rabbi Moshe Taragin -Can a Person be TOO excited about Religion ?

    Lesson of Nadav and Avihu – zeal is great but you have to channel it properly and you don’t always have to act (especially as central figure). Sometimes it’s “just don’t do something, sit there”.

  • Rabbi Aaron Soloveichik -Sakonas Aiver

    Starts with different dinim of cholim (ill) on Shabbat and then on to danger to limbs on Shabbat. Quotes the danger to eye gemara I was hoping for but no additional insights (pun) except that Rashi did not have the textual version of havanta (i.e. sounds like he understood actual eye/heart connection as a physical danger). Then a lot on different shvutim (Rabbinic prohibitions). Cuts off in the middle of the shiur.

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 276-4

    Rules regarding use of candles lit on Shabbat, when can you use the light, how long can you use it for and when should/must you tell the person lighting not to do so. Rules about using fire lit by non-ben brit for cold (for adults – really cold) and modern application to A/C (CLOR).

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 277-1

    Gram kibbuy (indirectly causing fire extinguishing) – rules for door opening (type of flame, size of flame…)

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 277-2

    Basis rules – when candles and challah are on the same tray – which take precedence for muktzeh rules? Role of daat (intention) in those rules.

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 277-2 and 278-1

    Covering a flame in order to keep it from burning something or having its light disturb you. Putting out a fire in dangerous situations.

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 279-1

    Moving a “disgusting” candle that had been used on Shabbat. Can you move it, especially if you are an Istinis (finicky – thank you Rabbi Dr. Noah Goldstein Z”L). Are all electric items muktzah?

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 279-2

    More or the challah/candles on the tray muktzeh issues. Can something be muktzeh for only part of Shabbat? What if you had intent to move the candles once they went out?

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 279-3 and 280-1

    What if candle not used this Shabbat? Can it be moved as “machmat miyus” (disgusting). Then getting it on to mitzvah night (dai l’chakima brmiza).

  • Rabbi Nosson Rich -Mishna Berura Yomi: Hilchos Shabbos Siman 281-1

    Only bow in tfila where Chazal said to (even if words imply should). It’s a minhag to start davening later on Shabbat AM (verses say so!) but daven within zman and take a little longer. Sing zmirot and no premature ameins to brachot.

  • The Influence of the Zohar on Halakha by R. Yehiel Goldhab

    Unfortunately, the end of this shiur is missing. Discussion and analysis of Zohar starting with the kitvei yad that “appeared” in Provence in the 12th and 13th century – Looking at examples of halacha and Zohar interplay – 1) where it made “new” halacha; 2) where it “decided” between opinions; 3) where it turned a “doubt” into a definite; 4) where it was against the Bavli; 5) where later “Kabbalah” did the same things.

  • Rabbi Netanel Wiederblank -Open ended revelation and elu v’elu

    Trying to understand what exactly Moshe got at Sinai as TSB”P. If he got ”it all”, why didn’t he pass it on (and why did he need to get it all?). Maybe he just got general rules? Then trying to understand eilu v’eilu

  • Rabbi Aaron Soloveichik-HaGoimail

    Prayer, Hallel, etc. are all chovot halevavot (duties of the heart) which, are thus, internal yet have external manifestation. So too, the Karban Todah (Thanksgiving offering) is an external manifestation and thus chazal established birchat hagomeil as an external manifestation of Thanksgiving.

  • Rabbi Aaron Soloveichik -Moral Crisis

    Omed vs. Kayam language in pirkei avot (3 things that world stands or that it exists). There’s a meaningful difference – a broken chair can stand precariously – you need both. So must have Torah central but need to be emet (truthful – no situational ethics) so too with Avodah (worship) need to have shalom (peace) and purification of the heart. Similarly gmilat chasadim (loving kindness) without justice never works (priorities are important – nursing homes get outside $ but education doesn’t!).

  • Rabbi Hershel Schachter-Parsha Shiur – Emor 5773

    Stops include:
    *Can you give kids something “not Kosher” (to do on Shabbat) for their own enjoyment (certainly you can’t do it directly)
    *Cohen being mtameih (become ritually impure) on death of 7 relatives – required or just permitted?
    *Comments on Langer (R’Goren) case
    *Source of kavod habriyot (human dignity)
    *Kivrer Tzaddikim – Cohanim can’t visit (quotes sources of idea why some might think OK – no poison from angel of death)
    *Rules of Kohain married b’issur
    *Rules of Kohain being mocheil his aliyot
    *Vkidashto – how apply to Kohain katan
    *Defining zonah, hutra and dchuya

  • Professor Nathan Aviezer, -סימפוזיון – האם הרמב”ם עדיין מודל לשילוב תורה ומדע

    Why does Rambam have information on rakia & heavens in Yisodei Hatorah? You can be rational and still accept “commonly accepted wisdom” which hasn’t been testable. Why would this be in a halachic sefer? (i) that’s how you get to ahavat hashem; (ii) he really believed Aristotle was infallible (so if he was wrong on something, you get a TUM issue).

  • Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky -Shas Topics: Dibur Part 4: – Dvarim Shebalev, backing out

    Understanding the halachic status of dvarim shebelav (thoughts) – When they go against something said or done, it’s null; however, when creating a status (e.g. trumah), may work in specific cases. Also, if it’s an umdnah dmuchach (everyone knows that everyone would have thought that) it works too. Discussion of application to converts acceptance of mitzvah.
    Exception for toch kdei dibbur (within a very short time renouncement), is it rabbinic (Rabbeinu Tam) or Torah (Ran & others). The latter explains that it is the amount of time Chazal determined that it takes for one to really “have daat” (confirm in his mind) what he will do – so this is an exception (me – I think latest research is you actually “make up your mind” even before you act).

  • Rav Nissan Kaplan-learning Ritzufos

    Mussar on learning – any breaks have exponential impact (this is why R’Akiva turned around without greeting his wife when he started to return home and then went back to learn.)

  • Rabbi Yissochor Frand -A More Meaningful Shabbos

    Mussar on Yahrtzeit of Chaim Feigenbaum. Focus on making Shabbat special – slo. link down, don’t read or talk about non-Shabbat like material, prepare and anticipate.

  • Rav Asher Weiss-Women in Sefirat Haomer

    How does the Ramban (and some others) understand women being required on a Torah level to count sfirah? Isn’t it a time bound mitzvah? A number of other mitzvoth analyzed as well. Perhaps it’s a misinterpretation of time bound in that time bound may mean purely time bound but if there is another factor involved, even if time is still involved, it’s not time bound. Then back to sfirah – do women make bracha, classic dateline and knowing surgery was coming up bracha issue.

  • Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky-Intro to Hilchos Bittul

    Discussing the nature of rov (majority) as a clarifier vs. a status changer. Some thoughts on the parameters of accepted activities other than learning Torah. Rosh vs. Raavad on parameters of rov in kashrut – drabbannan vs. duraita; wet vs. dry.

  • About Joel Rich

    Joel Rich is a frequent wannabee cyberspace lecturer on various Torah topics. A Yerushalmi formerly temporarily living in West Orange, NJ, his former employer and the Social Security administration support his Torah listening habits. He is a recovering consulting actuary.

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